A Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ (CMS) webinar on the CAHPS hospice star rating on December 16, 2021 revealed additional detail about the rating, which will be publicly reported on Care Compare beginning in August 2022. CMS is calling this star rating the “Family Caregiver Survey Rating Summary Star” and it will range from one star (worst) to five stars (best).
CMS will calculate nine CAHPS Hospice Star Ratings: one for each of the eight publicly reported CAHPS Hospice measures and a Family Caregiver Survey Rating, which is a summary star rating that combines the star ratings of the eight family caregiver experience measures. Only the CAHPS Hospice Summary Star Rating will be publicly reported on Care Compare and only those hospices with 75 or more completed surveys over the reporting period will have their star rating publicly reported. The rating will be updated every other quarter (every 6 months). CMS is using the February 2022 and May 2022 Care Compare refresh period as a “dry run”. This allows hospices to see their star ratings and what the summary star rating would be if it were to be posted on Care Compare.
Again, CMS will not post the Star Rating on Care Compare until August 2022. Hospices can see their first “dry run” ratings in their CMS Preview Report that became available in November 2021. This is an “on demand” report so it does not automatically appear in the CASPER folder. Hospices need to run the report from the “Hospice Quality Reporting Program” report category. The reporting period for the dry run is October 1, 2018 – December 31, 2019; July 1, 2020 – March 31, 2021. More information about how to access the Star Rating Preview Report is found in the Hospice Quality Reporting Measure Specifications User’s Guide.
During the webinar, CMS explained the calculation of the star rating, which is similar to calculations CMS uses in other quality reporting programs. Top-box scores, the proportion of respondents who gave the most favorable response(s) for each of the CAHPS Hospice Survey measures that are publicly reported, are used and adjusted for the case mix of the hospice and mode of survey administration. CMS intended with the calculation to have maximal differentiation between the star categories and to have minimal differentiation of hospices within the star category making the star rating more meaningful. Detailed information regarding the calculation can be found in the CAHPS Star Rating Technical Notes.
A little more than 2000 hospices met the eligibility criteria to be assigned a star rating for the dry run period. This is not an overwhelming majority of hospices so it is possible there are pockets where only some of the hospices will have a publicly reported Star Rating which may make comparison among hospices confusing. Approximately 90 percent of Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in hospice in 2020 were enrolled in a hospice that does have a Star Rating during the dry run.
The slides and recording of the December 16 webinar will also be available soon on the CMS Hospice Quality Reporting webpage. Additionally, NAHC is developing a resource for providers which will be available at the beginning of 2022.
Due to an issue identified with the national averages and percentile calculations for the Hospice Care Index (HCI) measure, CMS revised the data for the HCI Preview Reports. Hospices are able to access these revised reports via the Hospice Quality Reporting Program category in their CASPER folders now.
CMS is targeting the May 2022 refresh for the inaugural public display of the HCI and Hospice Visits in the Last Days of Life (HVLDL) claims-based measures. The eight quarters of claims data used to calculate these measures for a May 2022 refresh would include Q2 2019–Q4 2019 and Q3 2020–Q3 2021. CMS is also planning to provide annual updates to the claims-based measures in November 2022 and each following November refresh. Learn more about HCI and HVLDL in the Q&A on Claims-Based Measures downloadable (PDF) located on the Background and Announcements webpage.
HQRP TIP SHEETS
CMS updated the Hospice Quality Reporting Program (HQRP) resources on December 16 by posting two new Tip Sheets
Second Edition HQRP Public Reporting Tip Sheet
HQRP Compliance Tip Sheet_ FY 2022 and Future Years
The Second Edition HQRP Public Reporting Tip Sheet explains how CMS will handle the impact of the temporary exemption of quality reporting that occurred due to the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency (PHE) in the HQRP going forward and incorporates the changes to the HQRP from the FY 2022 hospice final rule. The HQRP Compliance Tip Sheet_FY 2022 and Future Years provides information on the HQRP, compliance requirements and how to track compliance.